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debriefing methods, nursing students, psychiatric assessment, standardized patient simulation, therapeutic communication



  1. Gaylle, Debrayh EdD, MS, PHN, RN


Background: This article describes a formative simulation experience designed to prepare prelicensure nursing students to interact with psychiatric patients.


Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of 2 debriefing styles (in-simulation and postsimulation) on nursing students' knowledge, performance, and anxiety related to working with psychiatric patients. The study also explored students' perceptions of the efficacy of in-simulation debriefing.


Methods: The study used a quasi-experimental, mixed-method design.


Results: There were no statistically significant differences between groups in knowledge, assessment, or anxiety. However, both groups demonstrated significant gains in all areas.


Conclusions: In-simulation debriefing is an effective tool for teaching therapeutic communication to nursing students.