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Authors

  1. Viel, Isabelle Lauria RN
  2. Moura, Bruna Roberta Siqueira MSN, RN
  3. Martuchi, Sergio Dias MSN, RN
  4. de Souza Nogueira, Lilia PhD, RN

Abstract

This study aimed to identify the factors associated with interhospital transfer of trauma victims treated in the emergency department of a nontertiary hospital. Retrospective analysis of medical records of trauma victims treated from January to July 2014 in the emergency department of a hospital not specialized in trauma care and located in Brazil was undertaken. The inclusion criteria were as follows: being 15 years or older; being a trauma victim; having received prehospital care; and being admitted to the hospital directly from the scene of the accident. Pearson's chi-square, Mann-Whitney U, Fisher's exact tests, and multiple logistic regression were used in the analyses. The sample was made up of 246 patients, mostly men (67.9%) and blunt trauma victims (97.6%). The mean age of the trauma victims was 44.2 (SD = 22.1). Falls were the most frequent external cause (41.1%). Forty patients were transferred to a tertiary care center, mostly for orthopedic treatment (70%). The factors associated with interhospital transfer of victims were severity of the trauma according to the Injury Severity Score ([ISS]; mean +/-SD of ISS = 8.1 +/- 4.5; odds ratio = 1.14; 95% confidence interval [1.06, 1.24]; p = .001) and extremities/pelvic girdle as the body region most severely injured (mean +/-SD of extremities/pelvic girdle Abbreviated Injury Scale score = 2.9 +/- 0.5; odds ratio = 3.86; 95% confidence interval [1.71, 8.72; p = .001). Identification of the risk factors for interhospital transfer of trauma victims treated in hospitals without a trauma center provides important information for the creation of referral and counter-referral policies to facilitate the process and ensure definitive early treatment and improved patient survival.