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  1. Wilkins, Ginger G. MSN, RN
  2. Ball, Jane DrPH, RN
  3. Mann, N. Clay PhD, MS
  4. Nadkarni, Milan MD
  5. Meredith, J. Wayne MD, FACS


A pediatric patient was assaulted while being treated at a Level 1 pediatric trauma center, prompting a Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services site visit. The process of screening for physical abuse and protection of patients was reevaluated and revised, and a new guideline was implemented and shared with referral hospitals. During this same time period, 13 referral hospitals participated in an unrelated federally funded study determining the impact of recognition and care of injured children in states with and without a pediatric emergency care facility recognition program. A pre-post study analysis revealed that screening for abuse doubled during this time period.