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  1. Hinderer, Katherine A. PhD, RN, CCRN
  2. VonRueden, Kathryn T. MS, RN, CNS-BC, FCCM
  3. Friedmann, Erika PhD
  4. McQuillan, Karen A. RN, MS, CNS-BS, CCRN, CNRN, FAAN
  5. Gilmore, Rebecca RN
  6. Kramer, Betsy RN, BS/BM
  7. Murray, Mary RN, MS


The relationship of burnout (BO), compassion fatigue (CF), compassion satisfaction (CS), and secondary traumatic stress (STS) to personal/environmental characteristics, coping mechanisms, and exposure to traumatic events was explored in 128 trauma nurses. Of this sample, 35.9% had scores consistent with BO, 27.3% reported CF, 7% reported STS, and 78.9% had high CS scores. High BO and high CF scores predicted STS. Common characteristics correlating with BO, CF, and STS were negative coworker relationships, use of medicinals, and higher number of hours worked per shift. High CS correlated with greater strength of supports, higher participation in exercise, use of meditation, and positive coworker relationships. Caring for trauma patients may lead to BO, CF, and STS; identifying predictors of these can inform the development of interventions to mitigate or minimize BO, CF, and STS in trauma nurses.