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  1. Tanioka, Tetsuya PhD, FAAN, RN
  2. Yasuhara, Yuko PhD, RN
  3. Dino, Michael Joseph S. PhD, RN
  4. Kai, Yoshihiro Dr Eng
  5. Locsin, Rozzano C. PhD, FAAN, RN
  6. Schoenhofer, Savina O. PhD, RN


Human caring, founded on a Japanese caring perspective and nursing theory, fosters innovative and creative ideas for an aging society. The growing reality of health care dependency on technology presents a temptation to give robots utility as partners in nursing practice. Human caring expressed in human-to-human relationships, and also between humans and nonhumans, is a futuristic model for health care, with humanoid robots as major supporters. The purpose of this article is to explore this disruptive technology, along with its functions and characteristics. Tanioka's Transactive Relationship Theory of Nursing is shared along with its relevance for addressing technological disruptions in health care.