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Keywords

Africa, Integrative review, Nursing research output

 

Authors

  1. Maree, Johanna Elizabeth DCur
  2. Herbert, Vivien MSN
  3. Huiskamp, Agnes Alice MSN

Abstract

Background: This study is the first review of African cancer nursing research as only 1 review focusing on South Africa was conducted in the past decade.

 

Objective: The aim of this study was to identify, summarize, and synthesize the findings from previous independent studies conducted by nurses in Africa.

 

Methods: The terms cancer nursing and oncology nursing and Africa were used to search PubMed, CINAHL, Web of Science, SA e-publications, and Scopus. Studies reporting research conducted in an African setting, coauthored by a nurse affiliated with an African institution and published between January 1, 2005, and December 31, 2014, in English were included. A data extraction sheet captured the data.

 

Results: A potential 536 articles for possible inclusion were identified. Fifty met the inclusion requirements. Cancer in women (78%; n = 39) and prevention and early detection (62%; n = 31) were most commonly investigated. The work was primarily quantitative and collected data on some knowledge aspect from women in the community. Most of the studies (96%; n = 48) did not meet the criteria of high-quality work.

 

Conclusions: Africa's nurses have improved their research output in the field of cancer nursing considerably. Research focusing on the most prevalent cancers, the treatment, the patient living with cancer, the family, extended family, and community is lacking, as is work focusing on pain and other symptoms.

 

Implications for Nursing Practice: Nurses in practice should assist nurse researchers to address the identified knowledge gaps to develop cancer nursing science and practice tailored to meet the unique needs of Africa.