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Keywords

monitoring devices, pressure injuries, pressure ulcers, prevention, wound care

 

Authors

  1. Walia, Gurjot S. BS
  2. Wong, Alison L. MD, MSE
  3. Lo, Andrea Y. BS
  4. Mackert, Gina A. MD
  5. Carl, Hannah M. BS
  6. Pedreira, Rachel A. BA
  7. Bello, Ricardo MD, MPH
  8. Aquino, Carla S. MSN, RN
  9. Padula, William V. PhD
  10. Sacks, Justin M. MD, MBA

Abstract

GENERAL PURPOSE: To present a systematic review of the literature assessing the efficacy of monitoring devices for reducing the risk of developing pressure injuries.

 

TARGET AUDIENCE: This continuing education activity is intended for physicians, physician assistants, nurse practitioners, and nurses with an interest in skin and wound care.

 

LEARNING OBJECTIVES/OUTCOMES: After participating in this educational activity, the participant should be better able to:1. Explain the methodology of the literature review and its results.2. Discuss the scope of the problem and the implications of the research.

 

ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy of monitoring devices for reducing the risk of developing pressure injuries (PIs).

 

DATA SOURCES: The authors systematically reviewed the literature by searching PubMed/MEDLINE and CINAHL databases through January 2016.

 

STUDY SELECTION: Articles included clinical trials and cohort studies that tested monitoring devices, evaluating PI risk factors on patients in acute and skilled nursing settings. The articles were scored using the Methodological Index for Non-randomized Studies.

 

DATA EXTRACTION: Using a standardized extraction form, the authors extracted patient inclusion/exclusion criteria, care setting, key baseline, description of monitoring device and methodology, number of patients included in each group, description of any standard of care, follow-up period, and outcomes.

 

DATA SYNTHESIS: Of the identified 1866 publications, 9 met the inclusion criteria. The high-quality studies averaged Methodological Index for Non-randomized Studies scores of 19.4 for clinical trials and 12.2 for observational studies. These studies evaluated monitoring devices that measured interface pressure, subdermal tissue stress, motion, and moisture. Most studies found a statistically significant decrease in PIs; 2 studies were eligible for meta-analysis, demonstrating that use of monitoring devices was associated with an 88% reduction in the risk of developing PIs (Mantel-Haenszel risk ratio, 0.12; 95% confidence interval, 0.04-0.41; I2 = 0%).

 

CONCLUSIONS: Pressure injury monitoring devices are associated with a strong reduction in the risk of developing PIs. These devices provide clinicians and patients with critical information to implement prevention guidelines. Randomized controlled trials would help assess which technologies are most effective at reducing the risk of developing PIs.